3.6.10.12. Nearest-neighbor prediction on irisΒΆ

Plot the decision boundary of nearest neighbor decision on iris, first with a single nearest neighbor, and then using 3 nearest neighbors.

import numpy as np
from matplotlib import pyplot as plt
from sklearn import neighbors, datasets
from matplotlib.colors import ListedColormap
# Create color maps for 3-class classification problem, as with iris
cmap_light = ListedColormap(['#FFAAAA', '#AAFFAA', '#AAAAFF'])
cmap_bold = ListedColormap(['#FF0000', '#00FF00', '#0000FF'])
iris = datasets.load_iris()
X = iris.data[:, :2] # we only take the first two features. We could
# avoid this ugly slicing by using a two-dim dataset
y = iris.target
knn = neighbors.KNeighborsClassifier(n_neighbors=1)
knn.fit(X, y)
x_min, x_max = X[:, 0].min() - .1, X[:, 0].max() + .1
y_min, y_max = X[:, 1].min() - .1, X[:, 1].max() + .1
xx, yy = np.meshgrid(np.linspace(x_min, x_max, 100),
np.linspace(y_min, y_max, 100))
Z = knn.predict(np.c_[xx.ravel(), yy.ravel()])

Put the result into a color plot

Z = Z.reshape(xx.shape)
plt.figure()
plt.pcolormesh(xx, yy, Z, cmap=cmap_light)
# Plot also the training points
plt.scatter(X[:, 0], X[:, 1], c=y, cmap=cmap_bold)
plt.xlabel('sepal length (cm)')
plt.ylabel('sepal width (cm)')
plt.axis('tight')
../../../_images/sphx_glr_plot_iris_knn_001.png

And now, redo the analysis with 3 neighbors

knn = neighbors.KNeighborsClassifier(n_neighbors=3)
knn.fit(X, y)
Z = knn.predict(np.c_[xx.ravel(), yy.ravel()])
# Put the result into a color plot
Z = Z.reshape(xx.shape)
plt.figure()
plt.pcolormesh(xx, yy, Z, cmap=cmap_light)
# Plot also the training points
plt.scatter(X[:, 0], X[:, 1], c=y, cmap=cmap_bold)
plt.xlabel('sepal length (cm)')
plt.ylabel('sepal width (cm)')
plt.axis('tight')
plt.show()
../../../_images/sphx_glr_plot_iris_knn_002.png

Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 0.100 seconds)

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